Title III of the Higher Education Act of 1965 of the American constitution provides a clear definition of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU). It is known d as a school of higher learning that was accredited and established before 1964 and whose principal mission was the education of African-Americans. What then are the pros and cons of historically black colleges and universities? Let’s find out.
Attending an HBCU provides students with a unique and diverse study experience. It’s also a golden opportunity to see how much black culture has contributed to the world. Interestingly, HBCUs teach students how to be on point all the time, plus they aren’t exclusive to just African students. What then are the pros of studying at HBCUs?
Some of the pros of historically black colleges and universities include:
1. Culturally relevant Education
HBCUs often discuss issues such as colourism, the African diaspora, natural hair, and self-love. Students also get to learn from and be inspired by some of the greatest minds from the black race. Furthermore, such institutions are devoid of racial stereotypes, instead, they teach students to love, appreciate and be proud of the black race.
2. Lower Tuition
Studying at HBCUs is less expensive than studying at predominantly white institutions, PWIs. Given the fact that tuition fees are significantly lower, students are able to graduate with lower debt than they would at PWIs.
3. Mentorship and Community
African students are more easily and effectively inspired when they see other Africans taking giant strides in different professions. They’re enthusiastic about studying medicine, other sciences and technical programs because they’ve seen Africans blazing the trail in such careers. Students are also afforded more opportunities for mentorship by professors who work tirelessly and churn out more African American graduates than non-HBCU’s.
Like PWIs, HBCUs also provide scholarship opportunities for their students to ease the financial burden of study. Students are, therefore, free to choose which scholarships they qualify for and are most suitable for them. Some classes equally provide extremely unique perspectives to topics or areas of study to broaden students’ horizon.
Some of the cons of historically black colleges and universities include:
1. Fewer Financial Resources
One of the major challenges bedevilling HBCUs is the smaller endowments, financial aid and monetary alumni support they have. Thus, they may not have modern and sophisticated facilities as can be found in PWIs.
2. Inefficient Administration
Things tend to run more smoothly and efficiently at PWIs than they do at HBCUs. Thus, students may endure high levels of stress to get simple things done. This can be quite frustrating and discouraging.
3. Dorm Facilities
Given the low financial support, sometimes dorms lack adequate facilities to enhance the study experience. This is where the difference is clear between HBCUs and PWIs however, Africans are resilient people. They know to make the best out of every situation regardless of how unpleasant it is.