The choice of attending a college or university can be very confusing sometimes. However, there are some key differences between the two and even between the various types of colleges. This article will help international students understand the distinctions between community college vs university.
All traditional four-year colleges and universities offer broad-based education designed to give students a solid foundation of skills and knowledge. Graduates receive degrees that can be used for a variety of positions and fields.
So, what is the difference between college and university? As a general rule, universities offer both undergraduate and graduate programs, while colleges offer only undergraduate programs. There are exceptions to this rule, however as some institutions call themselves “colleges” even though they offer graduate programs. e.g Boston College.
What is a University?
In brief, a university is a degree-granting institution. The main difference between university and college is that a university offers graduate programs leading to masters or doctoral degrees. Universities are generally larger than colleges and offer a wider range of courses. There are private, public, research, and teaching universities.
What is a Community College?
Community colleges or junior colleges are two-year colleges that primarily cater to local students. The types of colleges include career colleges also known as technical, trade, or vocational colleges. Others are community, and liberal arts colleges, each serving a different purpose. Some career colleges offer bachelors and masters degree programs taking three to four years (or longer) to complete.
Community colleges are for students with low grades and limited economic means and those who want to take evening classes while working. Students attending a local community college can save a lot on housing and living costs.
Factors to Consider
The community college vs. university decision can be a tough one owing to the many options available. However, to choose the option that best suits you, here are some factors to consider.
1. Career Goals
If you’re after career-focused training that will get you job-ready in a short period of time, consider a career college. If your goal is a bachelor’s degree that saves you some money, a community college is a good place to start. You can transfer to a four-year school afterwards.
You may be unsure about a specific career and would prefer a more general education that lets you explore a number of different areas. You may also want a flexible degree that can be used for a wide spectrum of jobs, if so, then consider a four-year institution.
2. Examine your Academic Record
Most academic institutions expect a certain level of academic achievement from students. So if you’re a high flier academically, you stand a chance at popular 4-year institutions where competition is fierce. But if your grades are not stellar, you should consider community colleges.
3. Consider your Learning Style
If you don’t mind learning in a large class, then you’ll be fine with traditional universities. On the other hand, if you prefer smaller classes then community colleges may be the way to go. This is because the student-to-instructor ratio is great.
On the other hand, if you love being exposed to world-class experts and having access to cutting-edge research facilities, then a large research university might be the best fit for you.
4. Have Realistic Expectations
Some students do not like to travel to attend lectures, for such, a four-year college or university would suffice. Living on campus for the duration of their study experience makes it all the more fun and worthwhile. Those who have more busy lifestyles because they work and/or are raising a family may prefer career and community colleges.
These schools can be tailored to accommodate work schedules and family commitments. Alternatively, you can consider running an online degree. Furthermore, if you’re big on extracurriculars, then you should be looking in the direction of 4-year schools. The bottom line is for you to know what you want out of your study experience so you can have realistic expectations and make informed decisions.
5. Assess your Financial Situation
One very important factor to consider when choosing schools is your financial capacity. If you have limited funds, you can fit in well with community colleges because they are far cheaper than four-year institutions. Fortunately, you can transfer to a university after your time at the college so consider the tuition fees of different schools. It is wise to pick one that’s friendly on your pocket to avoid unnecessary strain down the road. Feel free to apply for scholarships where possible.
Deciding on community college vs. university shouldn’t be so challenging anymore. Consider your preferences and options as objectively as possible and then make an informed decision. You’ll be glad you did!